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Norbulingka also called Lhasa People’s Park is the summer palace of Dalai Lama and the site of World Cultural Heritage. In Tibetan language, it means “Treasure Park”. Located on the west side of downtown Lhasa, Norbulingka currently is the largest and comprehensive public park with most historical sites and best landscape in Lhasa, and also the national key tourist attractions in Tibetan region. Over the past, Dalai Lama used to move to Norbulingka from Potala Palace for leisure and political administration in summer. Originally, Norbulingka was the site of hot spring, and the seventh Dalai Lama built the first palace there to relieve his arthritis. Norbulingka building complex actually featured of the Tibetan classical gardens and comprised of 374 houses or mansions is gradually extended by the seventh Dalai Lama and his successors in different periods. Nowadays, Norbulingka has three parts. The east part including the entrance and the rear of pavilion of suppressing three worlds(Weizhen Sanjie Pavilion, 威镇三界阁) ; The middle part is the core of Norbulingka, the part of palace complex; the west part is the natural forest for outdoor leisure. The garden structure of Norbulingka is both featured of the characteristics of Tibet plateau and the traditional Chinese gardening arts.
Lake Central Palace called Cuojiepozhang Palace in Tibetan language was built by the 8th Dalai Lama he used to hold party here. It is maybe the most beautiful site in Norbulingka. The whole gardening art largely follows the Han garden style, a little bit like the Suzhou classical gardens. The main buildings are Lake Central Palace and Dragon King Palace. The west side of Lake Central Palace is a building called Zhongzengpozhang Palace with two floors, where used to be the study room of Dalai Lama.
Dadanmingjiu palace widely called New Palace located on the north side of Norbulingka east palace area is opposite to the Lake Central Palace. New palace was built for the 14th Dalai Lama in 1954 after the peaceful liberation of Tibet. This is the largest palace in Norbulingka, and takes more than three years for construction. The whole palace is quite magnificent and the interior layout is similar to others. There is a fountain in front of the palace and a bamboo forest along the alleyway is quite eye-catching, because it is the only site that visitors can see the bamboo in Tibet region.