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Chinese people, especially the new generations, suffer a strange but understandable dilemma — They are unwilling to work and reside in Shanghai, and this tendency becomes more and more obvious in line with many interviewees’ response from heart, though Shanghai is the largest and busiest metropolis in Far East and the No.1 city of mainland China as a culture, education, economy center. These interviewees’ are born mostly after 1980s, and domestically called After-80s, and majority of them get the higher education and have a rational life design. Their refusal mostly is on the basis of the current condition of mainland China: new start in Shanghai is always undermined by the high living cost, super-stress of work, competitive and fast-paced lifestyle as well as relatively low payment. What is more important is that they hate the urban air pollution and the concrete jungle, in which they can see nothing but the high-rising building complexes, innumerous moving automobiles, over-busy streets and avenues as well as the heavy traffics. They feel lonely and isolated for the walkers are busy with working, coming and going. They barely have bosom friends for the business-centered city law make many people lose themselves in fanatic pursuit of money, profit and interest by virtue of any way they can touch. The innocence and purity of humanity as well as the single-hearted friendship are the dream far away from this big city.
Shanghai is called Hu or Shen for short.Hu(沪) used to be a fishing tool made of the bamboo, and In Jin Dynasty, the local people living in the riverside area of Suzhou River or Wusong River fed on fish hunting. So Hu is originated from this meaning. Shen(申) was from a state lord, honorably named Chunshen Jun(春申君, whose name was Huang Xie, a famous politician and lord of Chu State and one of Four Gentleman-like Lords , including Chun Shen Jun of Chu State, Mengchang Jun of Qi State, Xinling Jun of Wei State and Pingyuan Jun of Zhao State, in Warring States Period ), because this used to be the manor estate granted by Chunshen Jun. Hence, the Huangpu River historically is called Huangxie River named after Chunshen Jun. When people begun to call it Shanghai. In accordance with the historical record, this started in Song Dynasty, sourced from a branch of Suzhou River named Shanghai Pu(上海浦)，later the wine industry got a development, the local authority set up a taxation organ, officially named Jiu Wu(酒务, a taxation center of wine) near to this area, and then Shanghai was widely called Shanghai Wu(上海务), and since then, Shanghai was gradually accepted as the name of this area. Since then, Shanghai as a county-level town or city under the administration of Suzhou until 1842 when Shanghai was forced to be one of five trade ports in terms of the Treaty of Nanking, from then on, western countries established their concessions respectively. The original layout of downtown Shanghai appeared. Due to this special protection, Shanghai got a fantastic development in economy and urbanization progress. In 1927, Shanghai was set as a special city of China.
As the top metropolis of China, Shanghai has the best urban infrastructure and public service system. The stadiums, parks, gardens, playgrounds, schools, leisure centers, bus system, metro system, airport and port service are all the advancement in the world. The metro system of Shanghai maybe is the most advanced and convenient transportation system in the world. The intercity high-speed train is also the highlights of Shanghai. Nowadays, Shanghai-Nanjing High-Speed Railway, Shanghai-Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Shanghai-Beijing High-Speed Railway and Shanghai-Hangzhou Magnetic Suspension Rail largely facilitate the intercity life (living in Suzhou, Hangzhou or surrounding cities and working in downtown Shanghai). The airports of Shanghai are also the airline hub of China consists of Shanghai Pudong International Airport (International Orientation) and Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport (Domestic Orientation). Shanghai Railway Station centers on South Station of Shanghai and Shanghai Station are also the passenger transportation service hub of China. Shanghai as the counterpart of Beijing in China is also an important education center, and the famous domestic universities represented by Fudan University, Tongji University, Shanghai Jiaotong University and East China Normal University. These universities are also the top selections of Chinese senior school students, but the requirements are also quite higher than any one in other areas. Local Shanghai citizens speak a local dialect, widely known as Shanghainese, a mixture of Wu dialect and Yue dialect. But the reputation and impression of Shanghai local people in China are not so good as imagined. They are extensively considered to be snobbish, exclusive and penny-pinching. But the nightlife and leisure holidays in Shanghai are quite fabulous. The acrobatic show, fashion show, clubs, bars and diversity of parties are all easily available actually. Shanghai cuisine are also quite special, any type of Chinese cuisine gathers here, also including the cuisines overseas, and the international famous festivals of Shanghai include Shanghai International Film Festival, Shanghai International Arts Festival, Shanghai International Travel Festival, Shanghai International TV Festival, and Shanghai Spring International Music Festival. Also except the top museums mentioned above, there are also hundreds of museums in different sizes and scales, and they exhibits and specifically tells Shanghai stories in different aspects.