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Zhuang Zi or Chuang Tzu (BC369-BC286) was a great philosopher and litterateur. Zhuang Zi’s full name was Zhaung Zhou, and his courtesy name was Zixiu or Zimu. Zhuang was his family name, and his first name was Zhou(周). Zi was the honorable designation that the ancient Chinese people used to call those who they thought deserve respecting. Zhuang Zi’s family originally was a noble duke of Chu State, generally taken as the descendants of King Zhuangwang of Chu State(楚庄王), who was the most outstanding king in history of Chu State, subsequently, the family declined and they moved to a place called Meng in Song State. The family going down to Zhuang Zi, became quite poor, and Zhuang Zi then acted as a small official in charge of Qiyuan(漆园) in Song State, so the later generation called Zhuang Zi Qi Yuan Li. Zhuang Zi was another greatest founder of Taoism inferior to Lao Zi. But their philosophy was together named Laozi-Zhuangzi Philosophy. In some way, Lao Zi opened Taoism, but Zhuang Zi established Taoism.
In the mind of traditional scholars of China, the philosophy of Zhuang Zi satisfies their needs in the aspects of internal spirituality and the soul. His thought gives traditional scholars a free world to show their own personality or individuality when the whole history was overwhelmed by Confucianism and Buddhism. It is natural and free, and provides the individual the independent space to protect his own personality and thinking. Zhuang Zi was a great philosopher in Chinese History of Philosophy and a great poet in Chinese History of Poem. In his masterpiece, the impressive fable stories and fantastic description show the readers a free world , or a fairyland differing itself from the earthly one. That is an ideal world allowing the individual to free develop and think.