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Zheng Xuan(郑玄), whose courtesy name was Kangcheng, was a famous scholarly Confucian for his enormous exegesis or explanative notes for Confucianism classics in East Han Dynasty. The subsequent generation called his explanation Zheng Jian(郑笺). Zheng Xuan, according to the tradition of China, people call him Zheng Kangcheng in order to show our respect, was generally the greatest and most authoritative glossographer of Confucianism Classics in China. Besides, Zheng Xuan undoubtedly was a fairly influential academic scholar in East Han Dynasty. His talents and brilliance largely were embodied in the aspect of his explanation of Confucianism classics. More specifically, such an explanation is harder than recitation and redefinition. This is a special expression and presentation of Confucian original meaning meanwhile also mixed with the social change and the times’ need. Zheng Xuan was China’s one of the most important scholiasts of Confucianism Classics and greatest Confucians in Han Dynasty.
During the late period of Emperor Lingdi, The Incident of Party Imprisonment was loosened. The authoritative figure called He Jing(何进) knew Zheng Xuan a lot and invited him to be an official in central government. However, Zheng Xuan was unwilling to follow. The governors of the local governments under the pressure of He Jing ordered Xuan to go to capital, Luoyang. Zheng Xuan had to meet He Jing in Luoyang. He Jing treated him quite politely and considered him as a saint actually. Zheng Xuan reacted considerably uniquely. He just wore the ordinary clothes rather than the official togae to meet the emperor. Amazingly, one night later, he secretly fled away. At the age of 60, there were thousands of students coming to meet him from different area of country. Subsequently, he was promoted to be Shi Zhong. But Zheng Xuan refused in the excuse of the demise of his father.