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China Ancient History Zhou Dynasty
Zhou Dynasty

Zhou Dynasty (1046 BC-256BC), comprised of Western Zhou Dynasty (1046BC-771BC) and Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770BC-256BC),had in total 37 kings and lasted roughly 800 years. Zhou Dynasty was the third written Dynasty in China next to Shang Dynasty broken by King Zhou and Xia Dynasty ended by King Jie.

Before the breakdown of Shang Dynasty, Zhou Tribe used to live around Wei River Drainage Area. Its forefather was considered to be The God of Agriculture. Zhou Tribe bloomed in the reign of its leader named Ji Chang. After the death of Ji Chang, his second, Ji Fa, had the power to fight against Shang Dynasty. Zhou Tribe finally conquered Shang Dynasty, and Ji Fa became the first king of Zhou Dynasty. After Ji Fa's death, the young King Chengwang was enthroned, at this time, the offspring of Shang Dynasty and other three local kings uprose, and King Chengwang's Uncle Zhou Gongdan helped administrate the national affairs. Under his control, Zhou was orderly managed, and Lord Zhou took a mass of measures to consolidate the centralized authorities, and he also led the troops to conquer the rebels. Hereafter, Zhou non-stop extended and assigned a lot of local kingdoms nearby capital of Zhou Dynasty. The territorial area covers Yangtze River, Yellow River, Today's most part of Northeast and North China as well as Kunlun Area (the ancient regional name of China). During the reign of King Zhouliwang, Zhou begun to come down, King Zhouliwang was very greedy and brutal. He deprived commoners of all rights to use the mountains and waters. The commoners were unsatisfied at all, and King Zhouliwang monitored all commoners. In 841BC, an uprising happened, the commoners rushed into palace and King fled away. Later, Lord Zhou and Lord Shao jointly administrated the national affairs. Subsequently, King Xuanwang was enthroned and he changed a lot of existed policies. During his reign, historically considered as Xuanwang Zhongxing or Rejuvenation Period of King Xuanwang . But it did not last long. Up to the reign of King Youwang, Western Zhou was in disarray due to his indulgence in living with his concubine. Western Zhou finally was broken by an exotic power, which anciently was called Chuan Rong.

Later, King Pingwang moved the capital to Luo Yi, today's Luo Yang, and it was the beginning of Eastern Zhou Dynasty. However, from then on, the power of king of Eastern Zhou was undermined; instead, the local kings' powers were elevated. Diversity of local kingdoms in different sizes fought against one another for land and annexation. Hence it was also widely called the Period of Spring and Autumn.

Writer: David from Seeraa International
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