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China Ancient History Sui Dynasty
Sui Dynasty

Sui Dynasty (589-618), the former dynasty before Tang Dynasty, founded its national capital in Xian. Just as Qin Dynasty, Sui Dynasty was also a short-term one for its brutality and autocracy during its second reign of Emperor Yangdi. However, during its short life, a marvelous achievement it made and brought a lot to Tang Dynasty.

Entering Sui Dynasty (589- 618), China was reunited. Yang Chien, the first Sui emperor, was a military servant who usurped the throne of Northern Chou in 581. In the next eight years, Yang Chien successfully re-conquered the Chinese territory. The Sui dynasty re-established the centralized administrative system of the Han and reinstated the competitive tests that were once taken to measure a bureaucrat's competency. In addition to the re-establishment of the government, there was a re-establishment of religion and their roles. Even though Confucianism was officially endorsed, Taoism and Buddhism were acknowledged in formulating a new ideology for the empire. During this time, Buddhism flourished.

Significantly, Sui Dynasty erected a long-standing educational system: Keju Imperial Examination System, which opened a new era in Chinese history and directly brought the prosperity of Tang Dynasty in all aspects. Since then, the talented people lived in lower class could get opportunity to move into upper class or the administrative society. It is a great impetus of history and human justice. Besides, the administrative system established in Sui Dynasty was the most scientific and reasonable among many similar systems used in different dynasties before Sui. Tang Dynasty owed its overall bloom to the contribution of this system. In other words, Sui Dynasty was great as the base of Tang Dynasty.

Even if Sui Dynasty was not prolonged due to its defect in both ways of administration and personality of its last emperor as well as the wars lose in southern Manchuria and Northern Korea, it was great and passed us a lot of legacy. The Great Wall was resurfaced with a high pay. The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal was its another great heritage in the world history. It was the longest and oldest man-made canal. It was a human-constructed wonder connecting north China with south China. Due to its eventual fall both in internal administration and external wars, Sui Dynasty was finally devastated and the stronger rebels of Li Yuan and his sons soon controlled China, and later Tang Dynasty appeared.

Writer: David from Seeraa International
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