Chaohu city is China’s only city that is named after a lake. Before introducing this city, it is essential to give an introduction to Chaohu Lake.
Chaohu Lake is China’s fifth largest fresh water lake. Located in the middle area of Anhui province with an area of 769.5 square kilometers, there are mainly Hangbu River, Fengle River, Shanghai River, Nanfei River and Zhigao River supplying water for it. The lake water connects with Yangtze River by way of Yuxi River. Chaohu Lake is famous as the place of producing whitebait and functioning as the center of water preservation and irrigation. Inferior to the fame of Taihu Lake and West Lake in China in the aspect of culture and popularity, Chaohu Lake is an absolutely useful one for agriculture and waterway transportation.
Chaohu city is a provincial-level city nearby Chaohu Lake. It is a perfect destination for traveling. Fundamental information is served below:
Chinese Name: 巢湖
English Name: Chaohu
Province: Anhui province
Administrative Zone: Lujiang County, Wuwei County, Hanshan County, Hexian County and Juchao District
Telephone Code: 0565
Postal Code: 238000
Geographical Location: Get close to Nanjing, Hefei, Ma'anshan and Anqing
Total Area: 9423 Square Kilometers
Population: 4,710,000 in 2007
Dialects: Anhui Provincial Dialects
Climatic Feature: Subtropical Humid Monsoon Climate
Famous Attractions: Siding Mountain, Yingping Mountain and Zhouyu Mausoleum and so on.
Chaohu similar to the neighboring cities is also a historical and cultural city. Under the nurture of the milk and honey, Chaohu city also brought up a lot of famous historic figures. Generally, Chaohu in China purely known for the lake it administrates. To a most degree, Chaohu Lake is the superior brand of Chaohu City all over China. Apart from this lake, there are also many historical and cultural relics that deserve researching, developing and traveling.
Chaohu Lake is a national-level scenic area, which is famous for Four Marvels: Lake Scene, River Wave, Thermal Spring and Rare Flowers. Chaohu Lake looks like a mirror inlaying on the vast land between Huaihe River and Yangtze River, (which traditionally and locally called Jianghuai Area, because it is between two important rivers of China: Huaihe River and Yangtze River).
Mushan Island and Tianmen Mountain are two gems in rivers and lake. Chaohu is luckily presented by the heaven and owns three thermal springs: Bantang Thermal Spring, Xiangquan Thermal Spring and Tangchi Thermal Spring, and people name them Three Bunches of Pearls. Four Jades are Taihu Mountain, Jinong Mountain, Yefu Mountain and Tianjing Mountain. Five Underground Art Palaces are Shuangjing Cave famous as Long Underground River, Wang Qiao Cave famous for Cliff Grotto, Xianren Cave famous for Unique Stone like Dragon, Huayang Cave famous under the heaven and Boshan Cave famous as The Miraculous Scene of Jianghuai Area. These splendid landscapes and tourist attractions constitute the charm of Chaohu city. This picturesque city links Hefei, the capital of Anhui province with Hubin Avenue，and integrates Yangtze River Delta with a 182- kilometer-long Golden Waterway, by which Chaohu becomes the backyard of Hefei and Yangtze River Delta Area.
Chaohu is also featured with the charming landscape of nature and the belowground ecological landscape. Except the colorful underground cave, underground thermal spring, Underground River and underground gorges, the most rarely-seen landscape is the Mesozoic Trias Stratum Miracles of Pingding Mountain and Majia Mountain, which thoroughly reserves much information about the anabiosis of creature on earth roughly 200,000,000 years ago. There are also many famous fossils of fishes, bivalves and creeping creature as well as the noted Chaohu Dinosaur. All of these show the pre-historical characteristics of Chaohu city.
Traditionally, the high-valued tourist attractions generally are connected closely with religious places of interest established between mountains and water. As early as Zhou Dynasty, Princess Qiao of Emperor Ling of Zhou Dynasty became an immortal creature via making secret immortal drugs. Subsequently, many related attractions appeared such as the 42sd Blessing Land under Heaven, 21 Blessing Caves of Taihu Mountain, The 43rd Blessing Land of Jilong Mountain, Lao Zi’s Immortal Drug Making Dais of Tang Dynasty and plenty of Taoist tourist attractions comprised of East Saint Palace, West Saint Palace and South Saint Palace and so on. During the time of Three Kingdoms, Buddhism reached to Chaohu, a massive of Buddhist temples were built on Yefu Mountain, Taihu Mountain, Jilong Mountain, Tianjing Mountain, Yinping Mountain, Dudu Mountain and Rufang Mountain and so on. These temples mostly were built in a large scale. Up to late Qing Dynasty, Islamic Mosque, Catholicism Church and Christian’s Church entered Chaohu. Different believes and thinking as well as the local culture came together and formed a special enchantment of Chaohu.
Chaohu is also the hometown of many famous historical figures such as Zhou Yu who was an extremely esteemed historical and cultural character in China for his all-round talents perfectly shown in war tactics and music, Wen Weng who was a high official of Han Dynasty and the first man that brought advanced culture into Sichuan area to educate and humanize the local people, and some famous marshals or generals who were famous for their great fighting in anti-Japanese war.
Chaohu is an unknown city in the world even in China and many experienced travel experts do not know where it is exactly, though it is located near to Nanjing, Suzhou and Shanghai. However, its true landscape, fascinating custom and charming history and culture can excite everybody that is traveling in Chaohu in many aspects. Traveling to Chaohu does not disappoint you, and Chaohu also does deserve your arrival.