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China Unknown Attractions Yang Mausoleum of Han Dynasty
Yang Mausoleum of Han Dynasty

Yang Mausoleum is a joint tomb of Emperor Li Qi and his empress. Yang Mausoleum located in Xianyang, close to downtown Xian.

Started to build in BC 153, Yang Mausoleum was completed in BC 126. The total area of the mausoleum is 20 square kilometers. Totally, 28 years were spent on construction. Li Qi, the Emperor Jingdi of Han Dynasty, was the fourth emperor of West Han Dynasty. During his 17 years reign, he was obsessed by Taoism and carried out some positive policy such as relieved the tax of the public, deactivated some inhuman penalties, made peace with Huns and recovered the civil economy and so on. Thanks to his efforts, his ruling time together with his father's reign was historically considered Wenjing Zhizhi, which means the golden time of national management. Besides, they both dedicated a lot to the all-inclusive rise of West Han Dynasty under the reign of Emperor Hanwudi who was named Liu Che.

After more than 3o years of exploration, we exactly know Yan Mausoleum of Han Dynasty is comprised of garden of imperial tomb, garden of rear tomb, south-section subsidary sacrifice pits, north-section subsidary sacrifice pits, rites architecture, tomb of sacrificing men, tomb of criminals and Town of Yang Mausoleum.

The Yang Mausoleum of Han Dynasty was discovered at the construction site of Xianyang airport. Later the archaeology team uncovered a big tomb group consisting of 24 minor tombs of terracotta warriors. Although the 6th and 8th pits were once robbed, more than 400 colorful terracotta warriors and colorful porcelains including copper and iron weapons, agricultural tools, dress decorations and currencies have been found ever since 1991. Moreover, several wooden vehicles and terracotta warriors were uncovered from the 17th pit. All the terracotta warriors uncovered are naked males, whose hair, beard, eyebrows and eyes are all black, but the bodies are painted orange.

Additionally, there are large quantities of ceramic cattle, pigs, dogs, sheep, chicks and etc. According to the calculation, the number of terracotta works in the Yang Mausoleum has already reached several thousand, not to say other uncovered cultural relics that are mainly metal wares. It is really a marvellous scene you will never forget.

Hanyang Mausoleum Museum is located on the riverside of Weihe River of north suburb of Xian, and serves as the important cultural site under national-level protection. Relied on the mausoleums of Emperor Hanjingdi and his wife, Hanyang Mausoleum is an advanced museum highly featured by modern technology, ancient civilization, historical culture and garden landscape. Currently, Hanyang Mausoleum is Chinese largest museum in the aspect of area coverage.

Writer: David from Seeraa International
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