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Boasting the Southeast Buddhist State of China, Hangzhou deserves this commendation out of question just in the aspect of its huge number of Buddhist pagodas, some famous and some unknown. Other than the enormously notable Leifeng Pagoda, thought of as an honorable monk, and Baochu Pagoda, considered to be a slender beauty, Liuhe Pagoda is absolutely not inferior to either of them. In some way, Liuhe Pagoda erects its own unsurpassable enchantment and reputation in Buddhism and cultural circle of China. It is exactly in unison with the honor of Hangzhou. Unquestionably, Liuhe Pagoda should be detailedly and systematically introduced to anyone taking a reading in Seeraa International.
Liuhe Pagoda in Chinese is"六和塔", but many people also write it into"六合塔", Same prounociation in utterance but far different in meaning. The former translated into English is Six Harmonies, while the latter is Six Points. Furthermore, the different meanings of both are derived from different religious theories. Six Harmonies is from a famous sutra of Buddhism, named Ben Ye Ying Luo Jing(本业璎珞经), and a chapter is themed with Liu He Jing(Six Harmonies Respect, 六和敬), in which a word is highlighted with the interpretation of the title that: the harmony of bodies makes live together; the harmony of mouths eliminates quarrel; the harmony of competition brings the shared pleasure; the harmony of refrainment makes cultivation together come true; the harmony of viewpoints leads to the joint understanding; the harmony of interests brings the evenness. Six Points is originated dependably from Taoism, comprising Heaven, Earth, East, North, South and West, also someone supposes it is quoted from Jin Shu(晋书),the fifth state-compiled history among China's 24 official histories, and the original means The harmony of six Qi(气) would not give birth to disease and frustration, which literally owns the meaning of praying for harvest and peace via cultivating the morals. Actually, both of them are no exception to embodying the kind expectation for happiness and peace. If you really want to probe into who is closer to the truth, it will be overdone and meaningless, isn’t it?
Perhaps someone may ask why the wave of Qiantang River is so despotic. The reason is fairly associated with the history of Wu State and Yue State in Spring and Autumn Period. Wu Zixu(伍子胥), the authoritative marshal of Wu State prevailed on King Fu Chai(夫差) not making peace with Yue State after getting the final victory in the battle between Wu and Yue States, but some wicked men's speaking ill of Wu Zixu together with the seeming compliance and deference of Yue State made Fu Chai in complacence and arrogance, in contrast, he began to suspect the loyalty of Wu Zixu due to a series of annoying and disrespected words and alarms from Wu Zixu. Eventually, Wu Zixu was executed and thrown into Qiantang River, but before the execution, Wu Zixu declared his eternal will of hanging eyes on the wall of town to see the overthrow of Wu State, and his body was covered with cloth and floated on Qiantang River and became the wave of anger and hatred. This is the side of Wu State. On the other hand, Official Wenzhong(文种) of Yue State donated six great solutions to helping King Gou Jian(勾践) overthrowing Wu State, but unfortunately, he was envied and suspected by King Gou Jian due to his unbelievable talents, and finally he was murdered as well in the excuse of unfounded cases. And Wenzhong's tomb was moved by wave of Zixu on a raning night. Since then, the waves of Qiantang River turned more and more dangerous and threatened the daily life of local residents. The local people said there were two waves each time, the front is Wave of Zixu, which is stout and full of valour, and the rear is Wave of Wenzhong, which is soft but dangerous.
Amid Yuan Dynasty (1333-1335), the ruined pagoda for long-term un-conservation was carefully rebuilt. In 1533, owing to the severe destruction of short-stature Japanese intruders, the whole temple and pagoda were both broken seriously, which had the similar fate to Leifeng Pagoda. Luckily, during the reign of Emperor Wanli of Ming Dynasty from 1573 to 1620, Zhu Hong, the eminent monk of Buddhist Pure-Land Branch operated the large-scale reconstruction of Liuhe Pagoda. In 1735, under the support of Emperor Yongzheng, Li Wei, the governor of Zhejiang province made a large rebuilding again, which lasted two years.
Legendarily, after deferring to the government, the heroes of Liangshanpo(梁山泊), who Water Margin, a famous classic novel mentioned above, gives a highlighted portraying, Song Jiang(宋江) stationed the troops outside of Liuhe Pagoda. Monk Lu Zhishen and Monk Wusong(武松,a well-known hero killing a tiger in arm) suddenly heard the thundering sound above Qiantang River. Monk Lu Zhishen was born in northern China and never heard of the Wave of Qiantang River and mistook it to be the sound of warring drums. He leaped up and wanted to join in the war, but the temple monks told him the sound was the signal of wave of Qiantang River. At this time, Lu Zhishen reminded himself of the word of his master: It is time of passing away as hearing the signal of wave. He deeply believed this is the foreordination, and he died at Liuhe Pagoda. In April, 1936, Under Liuhe Pagoda, a collective wedding ceremony of movie stars was held, which was operated by Shen Junru(沈钧儒), a famous democratic figure. The brides included Lan Ping(Jiang Qing actually), Ye Luxi and Du Xiaojuan, and the bridegrooms were Tang Na, Zhaodan and Gu Eryi.