Hai Rui Tomb belongs to the cultural and historical key site under the national-level protection. Hai Rui Tomb initially was established in 1589 of Ming Dynasty. Hai Rui Tomb was specially built by Xu Ziwei ordered by Emperor of Ming Dynasty. It was said that the rope was broken suddenly when Hai Rui's coffin was moved to the current site; so many people considered this place was selected by Hai Rui himself, and then Hai Rui was buried here.
|Portrait of Hai Rui |
Hai Rui(1514--1587), another name: Ru Xian and Guo Kai. Hai Rui was a historically renowned Chinese official of Ming Dynasty. He was famous for its clean-handedness and honesty. By the way, Hai Rui was an important historical figure used and exemplified in Chinese Cultural Revolution. Hai Rui, whose great-grandfather married an Arab and subsequently adopted Islam, was born in Qiongshan, Hainan, where he was raised by his mother. Unsuccessful in the official examinations, his official career only started in 1553, when he was aged 39,
with a humble position as clerk of education in Fujian province. He built his reputation on uncompromising adherence to an upright morality, scrupulous honesty, poverty, and fairness. This won him widespread popular support but made him many enemies in the bureaucracy. Eventually he submitted a memorial impeaching the Jiajing Emperor himself in 1565 and was sentenced to death in 1566. He was released after the Emperor died in early 1567.
Hai Rui was reappointed under the Longqing Emperor but soon forced to resign in 1570 after complaints were made over his overzealous handling of land-tenure issues. He then spent 15 years in retirement in Hainan before being finally brought back in 1585 under the Wanli Emperor. Hai Rui died in office two years later. This is Hai Rui, a widely-respected official of ancient China and as equally famous as Lord Bao of Song Dynasty.
|Tomb of Hai Rui |
The architecture of Hai Rui Tomb is solemn and simple. There is a stone Paifang near to the gate with Four Red Characters"Yue Dong Zheng Qi ". There is a long tomb road paved with small stones with more than 100 meters long. Many stone sculptures such as stone sheep, stone horse, stone lion and stone tortoise are standing both sides of the road. The tomb of Hai Rui is 3 meters tall with the round roof. The stele in front of tomb is 4 meters high. A Pavilion of Yanglian established behind Hai Rui Tomb. Behind Pavilion of Yanglian, there is a Qingfeng Pavilion to exhibit the cultural relic and anitques related with Hai Rui's life experience.
Writer: David from Seeraa International
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