Forbidden City boasting the world’s largest imperial palace complex used to be the living residence and center for administrating the national affairs of Emperors in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Since the commencement of construction, Forbidden City was eye-catching all the time. Traditionally Forbidden city was the exclusively zone that only the emperors and their empresses, concubines, family members as well as some favored high officials could enter. In public mind, Forbidden City is the center of China even the world. It is riddled with mystery and legend aside from the solemnity and authority.
The construction of Forbidden City was decided by Zhu Di or Emperor Yongle(永乐帝,1360-1424), the third emperor of Ming Dynasty, after his success in usurping the throne from his nephew, Emperor Jianwen(建文帝,1377-1402), the second emperor of Ming Dynasty, through a civil war and moving the national capital northward to Beijing from Nanjing. To justify his emperorship and make people throughout China accept him, he consolidated his sovereignty and begun to construct a northern Imperial Palace Center as the counterpart of Nanjing which was still a center of national politics and culture and had its own independent governmental system though national capital nominally removed, Forbidden City was exquisitely designed and built partially learnt from the imperial palace architectural style and layout in Nanjing and mostly followed the structure and scale of fabulous heaven palace building complex. It is closely associated with Chinese traditional philosophy of oneness of human and heaven as well as China's strongly humanized traditional astronomy. Traditionally, Chinese people deeply believed the truth of human-heaven unity and human-heaven interaction, and the emperors on earth were the son of heaven and administrated humankind representing the heaven. Moreover, in Chinese ancient astronomy, the fixed stars are classified into three types (in Chinese "三垣"). They circulate around 28 Star Mansions (星宿), and the Ziweiyuan (in Chinese "紫微垣"), which, currently, is entitled Polaris, is located in the center of the heaven. It is the center of the star mansions. Forbidden City in Chinese Zijincheng has the same definition as Ziweiyuan. Hence it symbolizes the status of Imperial Palace on earth and represents the center of humankind. Zi(紫), in English meaning Purple, used to be the exclusively color that was only used by Emperor and Empress. Jin(禁) in English means Forbiddance, in other words, Forbidden City is the house of Emperor that the commoners were prohibited from entering
Forbidden City is said to have 9999 rooms and many unbelievable facilities. Its largeness and exclusivity surely brings itself plenty of gossips and stories, which magnify the mystery and attraction of Forbidden City. Forbidden City as the imperial house is naturally different from the common buildings, and each part of it is designed exquisitely and specially. So visiting Forbidden City, people can learn about the history of Chinese ancient architectural style as well as many detailed but important regulations, customs and culture of traditional China. It is currently called Palace Museum, and it is really a large museum of China history and China culture. Anyway, Forbidden City as one of the first batch of World Cultural Heritage Site in China is worth traveling and deserving anyone’s attention