Beijing Baiyun Guan(in literal translation: Beijing White-Cloud Taoist Temple) located on east side of Baiyun Road outside of Fuxinmen in Xicheng District of Downtown Beijing is one of three top awe-inspiring Taoist temples of Quanzhen Branch in Taoism.
|Beijing Baiyun Guan |
Beijing White-Cloud Taoist Temple
Taoism is Chinese only native-born religion worshipping worship the ground Lao Zi treads on. Lao Zi traditionally is considered as the founder and supreme god among enormous gods appeared later. In tenet of Taoism, Dao or is immanent. The holy book of Taoism is Daode Jing or,which was said to be written by Lao Zi who lived before Confucius and also the teacher of Confucius . Lao Zi in Zhou Dynasty took the position of national library librarian. But Taoism esteemed as a type of religion was initially founded by Zhang Ling, living in East Han Dynasty. In this way, Taoism was youngest among three largest and most influential religious beliefs if Confucianism is also accepted
Beijing Baiyun Guan similar to many other historical sites also experienced a lot of ruins and destructions. Beijing Baiyun Guan was firstly built in 739 during Tang Dynasty and restored or reconstructed for several times during Ming and Qing Dynasties. Currently most remained architectures are inherited from Ming and Qing Dynasties.
The entire architecture of Baiyun Guan is divided into east part, west part and middle part. The back is a garden. Majority of architecture is concentrated in middle part, and they in turn are Pai Lou, Shan Men, Lingguan Hall, Yuhuang Hall, Laolv Pavilion or Qizhen Pavilion, Qiuzu Hall, Siyu Hall, Jietai Dias and Yunji Shanfang and so on. In total, there are more than 50 halls in different sizes with a total area of 20,000 square meters. Learnt from the good points of southern and northern design and building methods of halls, palaces and garden, the whole architectural complex is quite grand and breath-taking. The inside layout design is also quite humanity-oriented and scientific. The insides of halls, pavilions and palaces are decorated with Taoism-themed stories and images. Qiuzu Hall as the main building in whole architectural complex mainly memorizes Taoist Qiu Chuji, who was famous in Chinese martial-art novels. In this hall, there is a Qiu’s Statue. And under the statue, Qiu’s remain is buried.
Baiyun Guan is the first Taoist temple of Quanzhen Branch since Ming Dynasty and also the largest Taoist architectural complex. Assimilated many other valuable buildings styles and methods, Baiyun Guan is surely a treasure both in spirituality and materiality
Writer: David from Seeraa International
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